Saturday March 2, 2013
You can influence your return on luck
SCIENCE OF BUILDING LEADERS
By ROSHAN THIRAN
THESE past few weeks, with the Chinese New Year celebrations in full swing, many friends wished me “luck” many times. Everyone was hoping for a great year with lots of luck. Most believe that luck happens by chance. Luck, we believe is something you cannot plan for or obtain by design. Luck is fated, or is written in the stars. Or is it?
I remember a conversation I had with Datuk Seri Idris Jala many years ago when he explained the secret to his success as a leader. He had six key points to leadership success and his final point was about having good luck. He did not term it “luck” but called it “divine intervention.” He believed that you could control about 40% of things you were working on. The remaining 60% were things beyond your control where you had little influence. However, Idris believed that if you were a good human being, operating with ethics and spending time in solitude and reflection, you could “influence” the divine to be on your side and bring yourself good “luck.”
As I pondered on the conversation with Idris, a number of questions started to be triggered. (To watch the video of my full conversation with Idris, go to: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ozC6ozBRVrI.) Among them: Why do some people always have all the luck while others are plagued with bad fortune? If luck was an entirely random event, surely, it would even out and at some point, luck would run out on someone. Yet it seems doesn't seem to even out. Could luck be more than a random occurrence but something that can be influenced?
Was I lucky?
I always felt I was extremely lucky to have got a job at General Electric (GE). My internship with them was a lucky break as my resume happened to be on the desk of the newly-hired chief recruiter on his first day at work and he needed to fill an intern slot and he called me. But I felt even luckier being selected for an interview at the end of my internship for the prestigious high-potential entry level programme.
But only a handful of the 45 interns interviewed would be picked and the interviewers were extremely tough. I noticed many candidates coming out of these interview rooms in tears and some crying openly, especially those exiting the chief interviewer's room. I walked into his room expecting the worst.
But, to my surprise, his first question to me was “so, you play soccer for your university?” and I noticed a smile as he asked that question. I nodded and quickly continued the football conversation. I then told him how I had spent part of the summer going to watch live World Cup games (it was 1994 and the World Cup was in the United States that year) and he shared his experiences watching football games too. An hour just went by so quickly and I walked out smiling after a pleasant conversation on the state of football in the United states. I was one of only three interns who got the offer. I always thought that I was extremely lucky that I caught my interviewer excitement for his newly-adopted passion. But in recent conversations with a number of “luck” experts, they claimed maybe I was not only lucky. Was it luck?
Types of luck
As a young boy, I frequently read biographies of famous people. I became a great fan of Benjamin Franklin and US President Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson declared “I'm a great believer in luck, and I find the harder I work, the more I have of it.” Franklin similarly shared Jefferson's belief in luck that it had everything to do with effort.
Yet, many people work hard yet remain luckless all their lives. Surely, there has to be more than mere effort that determines luck?
Researchers Tjan, Harrington and Hsieh postulate that there are two types of luck luck that you cannot affect (like who your parents were and your blood type etc) and luck that you can influence (like your business success or your career progress). In fact, they believe that most of “business luck” can be influenced and it is really about understanding how. Their conclusion: luck is as much about attitude as it is about probability.
They found that people who self-describe themselves as lucky tend to be luckier because of their right attitude. They concluded that the right attitude comprised three traits humility, intellectual curiosity and being optimistic always.
Dale Carnegie said: “Happiness doesn't depend on any external conditions it is governed by your mental attitude.” Dale is right. As Idris accurately pointed out, if we learn to control the things we can, including our reaction to the world around us, we may swing the luck pendulum. Our response to a disastrous occurrence is often more important than the incident in itself.
Authors Krumboltz and Levin claim that there's no such thing as luck. They describe luck as “happenstance.” They believe that “happenstance” isn't something that randomly affects us but rather something we create out of the chance circumstances and encounters that run through our lives.
A chance occurrence, an unplanned meeting or missed appointments may sometimes lead our life into unexpected directions and alter our career and lives. These “happenstances” may frequently happen to everyone. The key difference between lucky people and the “unlucky” ones is the ability to recognise these opportunities and leverage them.
Bette Nesmith Graham was a poor woman in Dallas supporting her small child as a single mum. She got a job as a secretary and learnt shorthand and typing to ensure she kept her job. Yet, she was constantly making typing errors. She was an artist and she recalled how artist would paint over their mistakes on canvas. She decided to put some tempera water-based paint in a bottle and took her water-colour brush to the office, using it to correct her typing mistakes. Before long, her invention which she named “Liquid Paper” became a world-wide hit and she built it into a multi-million dollar corporation. Was she lucky? Or was this the ability to recognise opportunities even in mistakes.
There were thousands of secretaries who probably went through typing error anguish as Bette did yet no one viewed it as an opportunity to create a solution to their typing nightmare. No one can control every outcome but like Bette, but leveraging our lucky breaks and taking action can increase the probability of our success.
Return on luck
Jim Collins and Morten Hansen recently completed a nine-year research study of some of the most extreme business successes of modern times where they investigated the role of “luck” in these success stories. Their conclusion they found that both successful businesses and ineffective businesses had luck, both good and bad, in comparable amounts. And so, luck doesn't cause extreme success.
They found something more interesting in their study. The successful companies were not lucky. Rather, they had a high return on luck (ROL). Luck had nothing to do with success. The key is what successful people do when they are hit with a lucky circumstance or situation. They take that luck and create a huge return on their initial luck. That was the key difference.
Good and bad luck happens to everyone. The constantly “lucky” people recognise this luck, seize it, and then make the most of it. What is your ROL?
Top 10 ways to increase your luck
So, how do we turn “bad luck” into “opportunity” and how do we recognise and seize “good luck” when it happens. Here are my top 10 ways to increase your “luck”:
1) Be a believer. There are heaps of opportunities in life. We need to be abundant thinkers who always believe that there are amazing opportunities to leverage. A negative person generally is a scarce thinker, believing that all the best opportunities in the world have been taken. The theory called the Pygmalion Effect states that you get what you expect. Most “lucky”' people expect the best, confident that their future is going to be great. Somehow, these expectations become self-fulfilling prophecies. Ask around and you'll find that “lucky” and “unlucky” people have astoundingly different expectations.
2) Be action-biased. Inaction is the surest path to failure. If you keep trying, you will ultimately succeed and luck will be on your side. Don't procrastinate. Don't be afraid to fail.
3) Make the most of unplanned events. The unexpected constantly bombards us. Learn to love spontaneity and enjoy it. New opportunities may unfold when we least expect it.
4) Be aware. Always ask questions and explore your surroundings. Lucky people are aware of what is happening around them and are continuously searching for opportunities.
5) Don't be afraid to say yes. In the movie “Yes Man”, Jim Carrey was made to say “yes” to everything. He ended up being “lucky” by unearthing new opportunities and even met the woman of his dreams. So, say “yes” more times than you do “no”.
6) Never eat alone. Building and maintaining a strong social network, including good relationships with other people is critical to success. If you love people, and love being with people, new opportunities will always appear. People provide support in times of trouble, act as resources when you need information, and most importantly, they can bring you “luck” by their valuable connections to social networks. So, make sure you limit your eating alone to one meal a day. After all in Asia, food places are where most relationships are built.
7) Overcome self-sabotage. Our greatest enemy is ourselves. Don't beat up yourself with negativity and destructive self-talk. Stop using words like “I can't” before even trying.
8) Be curious and don't be afraid to ask. Take risks and ask. Curiosity doesn't kill the cat. It opens up new opportunities. Travel, try new things and don't stay in your comfort zone. Your ROL magnifies when you identify these lucky breaks and leverage them.
9) Help others and ask for help. I have learn that the more I give of myself to others, the luckier I am. The more I give, the more blessings I receive. But don't be afraid to ask for help too. Lucky people ask for help and they reciprocate when others need help.
10) Pray often and do good always. Many people turn to a greater power to help them increase their luck. Some say a prayer before they start their day for the strength and the positive attitude they need to not give up. And do good always. As Idris reiterated to me, when you do good often, good will befall you. Karma has a way of rewarding do-gooders.
There is a popular saying that “you make your own luck.” When we see luck as something that is beyond our reach or something that we can't create, we become victims and complain about others and the world. Reframing luck as something we may influence (regardless how limited our influence may be) is a powerful way to move from being a hostage to being a leader. Kyle Chandler concludes that “opportunity does not knock; it presents itself when you beat down the door.”
Webster's Dictionary defines luck as “a force that brings good fortune or adversity; a force that operates for or against an individual.” So, if luck is a force, you should be able to tap into it ... at any time! May the Force be with you!
Roshan Thiran is CEO of Leaderonomics, a social enterprise. For great leadership programmes to for your organisation, email email@example.com. You can also access daily tips on leadership and nuggets of advice from Roshan at http://www.facebook.com/roshanthiran.leaderonnomics